If you love engrossing more into legendary tales, especially from the Ramayana era, then Sigiriya is the place to visit. Sri Lanka has a deep attachment to Ramayana, and was the kingdom of Ravan. There are many places in Sri Lanka that are dedicated to Ramayana era and one such is the Sigiriya. Also known as The Lion Rock, Sigiriya is close to the town of Dambulla and is a column of rock nearly 200m high. This is the part of Sri Lanka Ramayana tour and is worth exploring. Throughout the tour, you will be guided to know the legend behind this rock stand and its significance.
Locals in Sri Lanka have named this historical monument as Eight Wonder of the World due to its significant archaeological significance.
More about Sigiriya- Sri Lanka Ramayana Tour
Sigiriya rock plateau is the result of the formation from the magma of an extinct volcano and is surrounded by jungles. During the Sri Lanka Ramayana tour, visiting Sigiriya is a must. According to the legends, the site was selected by King Kasyapa (477-495 CE) as his capital. He built his palace on the top of this rock. However, after his death the palace was abandoned and used as Buddhist monastery till 14th century.
During the tour, you are also introduced with legendary past where this rock plateau was the turning point of Ravana. According to the legends, Sigiriya was built 50 centuries ago by King Kubera, half-brother of Ravana. This gives the solid evidence of Ravana in Sri Lanka.
Exploring the Design
The entire complex is surrounded by vast gardens, ponds, and alleys. Your entrance to the rock plateau in the northern side of the rock will be heavenly. Designed in the form of stone lion, the name Sigiriya derives from this lion.
While you explore, different directions of the lion rock, you will find that the western wall is covered by Frescoes, created by Kasyapa. Presently, there are eighteen frescoes survived. These frescoes depict nude females considered to be kind Kasyapa’s wives. However, there is no correct historical significance of female depiction.
One of the features of this rock plateau is the Mirror Wall. During the early days, it was polished finely, so that the king could watch his reflection.
There are few inscriptions on the wall of Sigiriya, which dates back to 8th century.
Garden at Sigiriya
During the Sri Lanka Ramayana Tour to Sigiriya, you will also come across gardens and is the oldest landscape in the world. Here the gardens are divided into three distinct- water, cave and boulder, and terrace.
All these gardens are systematically designed, giving the proof of architectural work in the olden days. These gardens are located in the western side of the rock consisting of canals, locks, lakes, bridges and water pumps.
Both, the buildings and gardens in Sigiriya define creative aspect of architectural marvel in that period. The skills used in that period are worth admiring.
Rich urban planning system
Although, the site belongs to century old, but it is the most important part of urban planning site. The entire concept defines man-made geometrical and natural forms of surroundings. Each direction of the rock has some man-made structure, which is finely carved. In the initial stage, the site was both palace and fortress.
On the west side, there is a park for the royals. On the south there is a man-made reservoir extensively used for the dry zone of Sri Lanka.
Exploring more of Sri Lanka Ramayana tour
If you have booked Sri Lanka Ramayana tour, then you will certainly get to explore more. It includes the site where Ravana dead body is considered to be discovered. Also, the tour will take you to Seetha Amman Temple.
This temple is located 5kms from Nuwara Eliya in the village of Seetha Eliya. One of the major reasons to visit this location is because it is believed that Sita was held captive here by the king Ravana. Also there is a rock face across the stream and is believed to have the footprints of Lord Hanuman, who came to rescue Sita.
There is no doubt that, Sigiriya is certainly legendary place to explore in Sri Lanka. The uniqueness also helped this rock formation to fall under the list of UNESCO World Heritage in 1982. So check for the best Sri Lanka tour packages from India and explore the historical locations of the country.