India is a country of historical significance. Each heritage site in the country speaks a story of its own, giving you insight into India’s culture and its past. These historical places, spread across the length and breadth of the country, are any traveller’s dream to visit. We have mapped some of the important historical places in India for you.
Taj Mahal, a beautiful white marble monument on the banks of river Yamuna, is located in the beautiful city of Agra. It was commissioned to be built in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his late wife Mumtaz Mahal. One of the seven wonders of the modern world, Taj Mahal is a preferred destination among both foreign and domestic tourists.
The historical site of Amritsar Massacre is also popularly known as Jallianwala Bagh. This place situated in the city of Amritsar in Punjab, witnessed the massacre by General R.E.H. Dyer on April 13, 1919. The walls of this monument still have bullet marks, a grim reminder of the incident. This is one incident that will never fade away from our memories so easily.
The Wagah Border, situated in Amritsar in the state of Punjab, is an intersection between Lahore in Pakistan to India. This place hosts the most famous ceremonial closing of gates and lowering of flags of both the countries at the same time. People converge on either side to watch the ceremony, popularly known as Beating the Retreat.
India Gate, situated in Rajpath, Delhi, has immense historical significance. A popular tourist destination in the capital city, it is also a great picnic spot for domestic and foreign tourists. It is also known as ‘All India War Memorial’, which was constructed as a memorial for soldiers who sacrificed their lives during World War. This place has the famous ‘Amar Jawan Jyoti’ burning since 1971, in the honour of soldiers who laid their lives for the country.
Andaman Nicobar Island Jail
The Andaman and Nicobar Island Jail (cellular jail), popularly called Kaala Paani (black waters), is of great historical significant as it housed various freedom fighters of India’s struggle for Independence. The main purpose for the establishment of this prison was solitary confinement of the prisoners. Some of the most famous freedom fighters such as Veer Savarkar and Batukeshwar Dutt were confined in the prison.
The Rashtrapati Bhavan is the house of President of India. It houses national treasures and artifacts dating back to the colonial era, when it was built for the Viceroy of India. It was earlier known as the Viceroy House, later renamed as Rashtrapati Bhavan in 1952.
Red Fort is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India, hosting 15th August Independence Day parade every year. The visit to Delhi is incomplete without Red Fort. The Fort was built by Shah Jahan, as the capital of the Mughal Empire. The Prime Minister of the country, gives speech to the nation from Lal-Qila, which many of us get to witness on our TV screens.
Gateway of India
During colonial era, many governors and viceroys entered through this Gate and settled here, making way for the establishment of British Empire. The monument of defeat was built by British Raj monument to celebrate victory over India.
Sabarmati Ashram, formerly known as ‘Satyagraha Ashram”, located in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, was the nerve-centre of India’s Independence struggle. The Ashram, located in Sabarmati river, was home to the ‘father of the Nation’, Mahatma Gandhi.