Jammu and Kashmir, the jewelled crown of india, would easily top the list of the most beautiful places in india and for many the most beautiful place in the whole world. It is said that Mughal Emperor Shahjehan was so overwhelmed by the beauty of the land that he famously said in Persian "Gar Firdaus Ba Ru-e-Zameen Ast... Hami ast O, Hami ast O, Hami ast", which when translated means 'if there is a paradise on earth it is this! it is this! it is this!'. Men for ages have tried to describe the beauty of the land in words, but have always failed because no matter how much you have read, the sheer beauty and grandeur that is Kashmir would overwhelm you all over again. Uniquely Hemmed by the pir panjal mountains and the mighty western Himalayas jammu and Kashmir valley have not only always been an luxury retreat for the Mughals but also serene abode for Buddhist lamas.